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These resources compliment forest-positive actions:
Accountability Framework Initiative

Accountability Framework Initiative

Provides a framework for public and private bodies to avoid deforestation and many other factors related to ecological and social sustainability in their supply chains

Consideration of Nature-Based Solutions as Offsets in Corporate Climate Change Mitigation Strategies

Consideration of Nature-Based Solutions as Offsets in Corporate Climate Change Mitigation Strategies

This paper describes the opportunities and risks associated with using NBS as offsets, focusing on the environmental and social integrity of demand-side purchases and supply-side emissions reductions and removals.

FAO Toolkit: Reducing the Food Wastage Footprint

FAO Toolkit: Reducing the Food Wastage Footprint

Showcases concrete examples of good practices for food loss and
waste reduction, while pointing to information sources, guidelines and pledges favoring food
wastage reduction

IISD Market Coverage

IISD Market Coverage

Examines the market performance of commodities that comply with voluntary sustainability standards to understand the forces and factors influencing their potential market expansion or contraction

Sustainable Procurement of Forest Products

Sustainable Procurement of Forest Products

Provides a decision support and information tool for developing wood product and paper procurement policy based on a framework of ten considerations of ecological and social sustainability.

Better Forests, Better Cities

Better Forests, Better Cities

This report is the first of its kind comprehensive resource on the connection between cities and forests.

Cool Food Pledge Behavioural Playbook

Cool Food Pledge Behavioural Playbook

Provides 23 behavioural change interventions to encourage diners to select plant-rich meals.

Forest Footprint for Cities

Forest Footprint for Cities

Methods for Estimating Deforestation and Associated CO2 Emissions Embodied in Products Consumed in Cities

Milan Urban Food Policy Pact

Milan Urban Food Policy Pact

Encourages signatory cities to act not only at the scale of their local foodshed, but to develop sustainable food systems that conserve biodiversity and mitigate impacts of climate change

Sustainable Wood for Cities

Sustainable Wood for Cities

Combines the latest insights from research and practice to assist cities in choosing and sourcing wood products that have a measurable impact on climate and forests.

C40's Good Food Cities Declaration

C40's Good Food Cities Declaration

Framework and accelerator to work with residents to achieve a ‘Planetary Health Diet’ for all by 2030

Ecolabel Index

Ecolabel Index

The largest global directory of ecolabels, currently tracking 456 ecolabels in 199 countries, and 25 industry sectors.

GPC Supplemental Guidance for Forests and Trees

GPC Supplemental Guidance for Forests and Trees

Helping communities include forests and trees in greenhouse gas inventories

Partner Forest Program

Partner Forest Program

Connects cities with specific tropical forest areas and communities for mutual benefit, in support of proven forest conservation and management strategies for threatened tropical forests



The Trase Initiative addresses the need for transparency in supply chains by mapping the intricate links between consumer countries and impacts of commodity production such as deforestation. By clearly displaying the flow of commodities and the associated sustainability risks, Trase aims to directly impact decision-making by companies, governments, investors, and civil society.

CLF Embodied Carbon Policy Toolkit

CLF Embodied Carbon Policy Toolkit

An array of resources to support the crafting of policies to radically reduce embodied carbon.

Every Mouthful Counts

Every Mouthful Counts

This toolkit helps councils identify where big emissions savings can be made through food.

Global Forest Watch Pro

Global Forest Watch Pro

Developed for leading companies and financial institutions to translate geospatial data into actionable insights.

Reducing Food Loss and Waste: Setting a Global Action Agenda

Reducing Food Loss and Waste: Setting a Global Action Agenda

Identifies a three-pronged approach to halve food loss and waste by 2030



Xilva is the Swiss technology partner that is building digital infrastructure to help organizations invest in forests.

Have a great resource for supporting forest-positive city actions?

If you have a resource or ongoing initiative that can help cities implement forest-positive actions, we'd love to hear about it and share it here!

Scientific References

Abood et al.

Apr 3, 2014

Relative Contributions of the Logging, Fiber, Oil Palm, and Mining Industries to Forest Loss in Indonesia

Ahrends et al.

Sep 1, 2015

Current trends of rubber plantation expansion may threaten biodiversity and livelihoods

Alix-Garcia, J & Gibbs, H.

Nov 1, 2017

Forest conservation effects of Brazil's zero deforestation cattle agreements undermined by leakage

Alroy, J.

May 1, 2017

Effects of habitat disturbance on tropical forest biodiversity

Alvarez-Berríoz & Aide

Jan 29, 2015

Global demand for gold is another threat for tropical forests

Artuso, M.

Aug 26, 2011

State of the world's cities 2010/11 – bridging the urban divide, by UN Habitat

Baabou et al.

Mar 1, 2017

The Ecological Footprint of Mediterranean cities: Awareness creation and policy implications

Bager et al.

Jul 8, 2020

Reducing Commodity-Driven Tropical Deforestation: Political Feasibility and ‘Theories of Change’ for EU Policy Options

Barona et al.

Apr 16, 2010

The role of pasture and soybean in deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon

Baumann et al.

Jan 25, 2017

Deforestation and cattle expansion in the Paraguayan Chaco 1987–2012

Brack, D.

Jan 1, 2015

Reducing Deforestation in Agricultural Commodity Supply Chains Using Public Procurement Policy

Carlson & Curran

Apr 10, 2014

Refined carbon accounting for oil palm agriculture: disentangling potential contributions of indirect emissions and smallholder farmers

Chazdon et al.

Nov 24, 2009

The Potential for Species Conservation in Tropical Secondary Forests

Collins & Fairchild

Mar 1, 2007

Sustainable Food Consumption at a Sub-national Level: An Ecological Footprint, Nutritional and Economic Analysis

Curtis et al.

Sep 14, 2018

Classifying drivers of global forest loss

De Sy et al.

Nov 27, 2015

Land use patterns and related carbon losses following deforestation in South America

DeFries et al.

Feb 7, 2010

Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century

Fitzherbert et al.

Sep 3, 2008

How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity?

Gibbs et al.

Apr 21, 2015

Did Ranchers and Slaughterhouses Respond to Zero-Deforestation Agreements in the Brazilian Amazon?

Henders et al.

Dec 22, 2015

Trading forests: land-use change and carbon emissions embodied in production and exports of forest-risk commodities

Ilieva, R.

Sep 23, 2017

Urban Food Systems Strategies: A Promising Tool for Implementing the SDGs in Practice

Jia et al.

May 10, 2020

Soybean supply chain management and sustainability: A systematic literature review

Lambin et al.

Sep 1, 2014

Effectiveness and synergies of policy instruments for land use governance in tropical regions

Loader, K.

Feb 17, 2017

Small- and medium-sized enterprises and public procurement: A review of the UK coalition government's policies and their impact

Noble, M.

Aug 11, 2017

Chocolate and The Consumption of Forests: A Cross-National Examination of Ecologically Unequal Exchange in Cocoa Exports

Oliveira & Schnieder

Dec 4, 2015

The politics of flexing soybeans: China, Brazil and global agroindustrial restructuring

Pendrill et al.

Sep 9, 2022

Disentangling the numbers behind agriculture-driven tropical deforestation

Pendrill et al.

May 1, 2019

Agricultural and forestry trade drives large share of tropical deforestation emissions

Pendrill et al.

May 1, 2019

Deforestation displaced: trade in forest-risk commodities and the prospects for a global forest transition

Pereira et al.

Jan 1, 2020

Planning for change: Transformation labs for an alternative food system in Cape Town, South Africa

Rajão et al.

Jul 17, 2020

The rotten apples of Brazil's agribusiness

Rudorff et al.

Apr 9, 2010

Studies on the Rapid Expansion of Sugarcane for Ethanol Production in São Paulo State (Brazil) Using Landsat Data

Silva & Scott

Sep 1, 2014

Eight Big Ideas From Mexico: Empowering small and medium-sized enterprises by leveraging public procurement

Silva Junior & Lima

Feb 1, 2018

Soy Moratorium in Mato Grosso: Deforestation undermines the agreement

Sonter et al.

Oct 18, 2017

Mining drives extensive deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

Thomson et al.

Dec 15, 2017

Forest, and climate-smart cocoa in Côte D’Ivoire and Ghana: Aligning stakeholders to support smallholders in deforestation free-cocoa

Walker et al.

Apr 1, 2000

Deforestation and Cattle Ranching in the Brazilian Amazon: External Capital and Household Processes

Walker et al.

Aug 19, 2013

From Amazon pasture to the high street: deforestation and the Brazilian cattle product
supply chain

Warren-Thomas et al.

Mar 23, 2015

Increasing Demand for Natural Rubber Necessitates a Robust Sustainability Initiative to Mitigate Impacts on Tropical Biodiversity

Wiesse & Goldman

Apr 25, 2019

The World Lost a Belgium-sized Area of Primary Rainforests Last Year

Wijaya et al.

Jul 24, 2019

Indonesia Is Reducing Deforestation, but Problem Areas Remain

Xu et al.

Jan 1, 2014

Landscape transformation through the use of ecological and socioeconomic indicators in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China, Mekong Region

zu Ermgassen et al.

Dec 1, 2020

The origin, supply chain, and deforestation risk of Brazil’s beef exports

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