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Forest-friendly municipal procurement monitoring

Oslo, Norway

Oslo, Norway

The City of Oslo is promoting climate-friendly consumption and procurement as part of its Climate Strategy 2030. As part of this, Pilot Projects worked with the City to apply the Forest Footprint methodology to prepare a deforestation-free procurement monitoring analysis focused on municipal procurement of forest-positive coffee and meat products. 

The City of Oslo provided Pilot Projects with the quantities of coffee and meat that the Municipality procured for internal consumption in the City Hall from 2017 to 2019. This includes the coffee that is available for staff members during working hours, as well as food provided for conferences, meetings, and at several municipal institutions. 

Mitigation Scenarios

Pilot Projects applied the Forest Footprint methodology to show projections of commitments to procurement policies to reduce deforestation with several mitigation scenarios:

  1. 50% reduction in meat procurement by 2023

  2. Deforestation-free coffee through a Partner Forest program

  3. Deforestation-free procurement by 2030 (focus: coffee and beef)

For each of these scenarios, the deforestation consumed through procurement was projected in terms of m2/year of Apparent Consumption (AC) and Displaced Deforestation (DD). 


This exercise demonstrates how it is possible to measure the impacts of procurement actions against the Forest Footprint. It allows cities to visualize and quantify how they can offset their forest footprint. 

For example, the following graph projects Oslo’s municipal forest footprint with Mitigation Scenario 3: Deforestation-free procurement of coffee and beef by 2030. Such projections allow cities to predict the impacts of city climate actions on tropical forests alongside forecasted plans relevant city climate commitments. 

Furthermore, this function can be disaggregated to estimate the impacts of commitments. For example, municipal procurement of deforestation-free coffee would have a 14000% (or 140-fold) impact on reduction in deforestation weighed against Oslo’s forest footprint, and municipal procurement of deforestation-free beef would have a 31000 % (or 310-fold) impact. 


This case study demonstrates the application of the Forest Footprint Methodology to record the impacts of municipal procurement of commodities in terms of hectares and GHG emissions, and allows cities to measure how forest-positive sourcing can help them reach their targets. It defines a new set of metrics and impact measurements to identify best practices as well as the data needed to set and measure targets. The projections of commitments over time can guide procurement policies to reduce deforestation. 

More information on Oslo’s Forest Footprint can be found here.

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